A CBDC, or central bank digital currency, is a digital form of fiat currency issued and backed by a country’s central bank. CBDCs are designed to be used as a digital alternative to physical cash and can be used for a variety of purposes, including payments, remittances, and peer-to-peer transactions.
CBDCs are different from cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or Ethereum in that they are issued and backed by a central authority, typically a country’s central bank. This means that CBDCs are not decentralized like cryptocurrencies and are subject to the same regulations and monetary policies as traditional fiat currencies.
CBDCs can be designed to be either retail or wholesale. Retail CBDCs are meant for use by the general public and are similar to digital versions of physical cash, while wholesale CBDCs are designed for use by financial institutions and other large entities for settlement and interbank transactions.
There are several potential benefits of CBDCs, including increased financial inclusion, improved efficiency and security of payments, and greater control and oversight by central banks. However, there are also concerns about the potential impact of CBDCs on monetary policy, financial stability, and privacy.
Several central banks around the world are currently exploring the possibility of issuing CBDCs, including the People’s Bank of China, the European Central Bank, and the Federal Reserve.